Glaucoma is a very serious eye disease that can cause blindness if it goes undetected and untreated in a timely fashion. Glaucoma testing is the only way people can guard against this eye ailment and prevent eventual blindness. According to our glaucoma doctor in Philadelphia at IC Laser Eye Care, glaucoma and other eye diseases can only be diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination, which should be performed annually to detect any changes in vision and the eye’s physical health.
Glaucoma is not one disease but actually a group of eye conditions that cause damage to the optic nerve, the nerve that carries optical information to the brain. This causes an eventual loss of vision. The optical nerve is usually damaged because of high pressure inside your eye, intraocular pressure. There are also other possible causes of damage to the optic nerve. Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the United States. Known, as the “silent thief of sight” damage to your vision from glaucoma is so gradual that it often goes undetected until it reaches an advanced stage. One type of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, the most common type of the disease has no noticeable symptoms at all. Glaucoma testing is done through measuring visual acuity and using a dilated eye exam where our glaucoma doctor in Philadelphia can see directly into the eye and uses tonometry to measure the eye’s intraocular pressure and may use pachymetry to measure the thickness of the cornea.
Should a patient be diagnosed with glaucoma our glaucoma doctor in Philadelphia can help that person manage the disease so that there is limited or no damage to the eye. There are several treatments available for glaucoma that are all aimed at reducing the intraocular pressure. Our doctor can recommend medications to reduce the pressure in the form of eye drops and oral medications. If more invasive treatment is needed laser surgery (trabeculoplasty) can be performed to drain the fluid out of the eye reducing the pressure. An Argon laser makes about 100 miniscule burns on the meshwork that provides drainage to the eye. Conventional surgery can also be used. Call and make an appointment today and keep your vision as sharp as ever.